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This guide includes strategies for helping struggling readers and writers develop the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) necessary to write successfully and have greater access to the general education curriculum.

Professional development guides include the following materials for workshop presenters:

  • Presentation slides, which present key points and activities, offered in two formats: overhead transparencies and Adobe PDF presentations
  • Speaker's notes and activities to accompany the presentation slides
  • Informational and notetaking handouts for participants
  • References

This guide also contains general adaptations (i.e., instructional design, instruction and curricula, behavioral support) and specific adaptations (e.g., drafting for struggling writers) that will benefit struggling readers and writers, including students with disabilities.

Published Date



Special Education/Learning Disabilities
Writing Instruction

Type of Resource



General Education Classroom Teacher
School Administrator
Technical Assistance Provider

Grade Level

Middle School
High School

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