Dr. Deborah J. Short is a senior research associate affiliated with the Center for Applied Linguistics, a nonprofit organization for language education research, policy, and practice in Washington, D.C. Short co-developed the research-validated SIOP Model for sheltered instruction and has directed quasi-experimental and experimental studies on English language learners funded by the Carnegie Corporation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education. She chaired an expert panel on adolescent English language learner literacy and co-authored the policy report Double the Work. She recently completed a 3-year study of newcomer programs for middle and high school English language learners, culminating in the report Helping Newcomer Students Succeed in Secondary Schools and Beyond. As director of Academic Language Research and Training, a consulting group, Short works with districts in the United States and abroad on professional development and curriculum design for sheltered instruction and academic literacy. She has authored numerous publications, including books on the SIOP Model and National Geographic Learning's ESL series: Edge, Inside, Reach, High Point, and Avenues. Her research articles have appeared in TESOL Quarterly, Language Teaching Research, Journal of Educational Research, Educational Leadership, Education and Urban Society, Social Education, and Journal of Research in Education.