Disability and Criminal Justice Clearinghouse

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67 Total Resources

The challenge of implementing Atkins v Virginia

Publication Year: 2007

Description

Article explores how the fair and accurate assessment and adjudication of mental retardation, stipulated in Atkins v. Virginia, can be achieved through the use of detailed definitions of mental retardation, administration of appropriate IQ tests, and examination of adaptive behavior when making decisions concerning an individual's intellectual functioning.

Citation

Bonnie, R. J., & Gustafson, K. (2007). The challenge of implementing Atkins v Virginia: How legislatures and courts can promote accurate assessments and adjudications of mental retardation in death penalty cases. University of Richmond Law Review, 41, 811–860.

Topics: Adaptive Behavior, Assessment/Diagnosis, Death Penalty/Capital Offenses - General, Intellectual Disabilities, Intelligence Functioning/IQ Testing, Legal Issues, Policy Issues

Audiences: Attorneys, Law Enforcement, Psychologists

Populations: Adults


Rigidity and flexibility in diagnosing mental retardation in capital cases

Publication Year: 2004

Description

Article explores the potential for misdiagnosis of MR in capital cases by analyzing the outcomes of  such cases in England and predicting the influence these outcomes might have on MR-related cases in the United States.

Citation

Beail, N., & Edwards, W. J. (2004). Rigidity and flexibility in diagnosing mental retardation in capital cases. Mental Retardation, 42(6), 480-483.

Topics: Death Penalty/Capital Offenses - General, Intellectual Disabilities, International Perspective

Audiences: Attorneys, Law Enforcement

Populations: Adults


Establishing mental retardation in capital cases: An update

Publication Year: 2003

Description

Article explores problems that can arise when classifying individuals as having intellectual disabilities due to the possibility that an individual's scores on intelligence tests may vary above or below the 70 IQ cutoff for intellectual disability between two or more administrations of the same or different intelligence tests. The article then explains some of the differences between two commonly used intelligence tests: the WAIS-III and the Stanford-Binet: Fourth Edition, and then makes recommendations as to which of the two tests should be administered first should multiple intelligence testing be needed.

Citation

Baroff, G. S. (2003). Establishing mental retardation in capital cases: An update. Mental Retardation, 41(3), 198-202.

Topics: Assessment/Diagnosis, Death Penalty/Capital Offenses - General, Intellectual Disabilities, Intelligence Functioning/IQ Testing

Audiences: Attorneys, Psychologists

Populations: Adults


Asperger syndrome: A guide for secondary school principals

Publication Year: 2004

Description

Article discusses the characteristics of individuals with Asperger syndrome as well as strategies that can be implemented in the classroom and at home to adress some of the problematic behaviors individuals with Asperger syndrome at times exhibit.  Article also makes the case for teachers to be trained to recognize this disorder so that students with Asperger syndrome do not go undiagnosed. 

Citation

Barnhill, G. P. (2004). Asperger syndrome: A guide for secondary school principals. Principal Leadership Magazine, 5(3), 11-15.

Topics: Assessment/Diagnosis, Death Penalty/Capital Offenses - General, Intellectual Disabilities, Intelligence Functioning/IQ Testing

Audiences: Attorneys, Psychologists

Populations: Adolescents


ASDs and involvement in the criminal justice system

Publication Year: 2006

Description

Article provides an overview of why individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder may come into contact with the criminal justice system, the procedures involved when advising the police on how to approach individuals with these disorders, and the sources of support that are available to these individuals and those who serve as their advocates.

Citation

National Autistic Society. (2006). ASDs and involvement in the criminal justice system. Autism Awareness Centre, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.autismawarenesscentre.com/article-library/autism--asperger-syndrome/26-asds-and-involvement-in-the-criminal-justice-system

Topics: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Criminal Justice System - General, Law Enforcement

Audiences: Advocacy Groups, Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals

Populations: Adolescents, Adults


American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Criminal justice: Policy statement

Publication Year: 2009

Description

Statement of the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities policy concerning the treatment of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the criminal justice system.  Specifically, this statement stresses the need for individuals with these disabilities to have a clear understanding of their rights when they come into contact with the criminal justice system.

Citation

American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD). (2008). Criminal justice: Policy statement. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.aamr.org/content_158.cfm?navID=31

Topics: Criminal Justice System - General, Developmental Disabilities, Intellectual Disabilities, Policy Issues, Rights

Audiences: Advocacy Groups, Attorneys, Law Enforcement

Populations: Adults


Offending behaviour in adults with Asperger syndrome

Publication Year: 2008

Description

Article describes a study that investigates the prevalence of Asperger syndrome and specific offending behaviors evidenced by individuals with this disorder in the criminal justice/mental health systems in order to discover meaningful patterns among the offenses and their disposals.  Additionally, the article describes personal experiences of individuals with Asperger syndrome within these systems.

Citation

Allen, D., Evans, C., Hider, A., Hawkins, S., Peckett, H., & Morgan, H. (2008). Offending behaviour in adults with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(4), 748-758.

Topics: Asperger Syndrome, Criminal Justice System - General, International Perspective

Audiences: Law Enforcement, Mental Health Professionals

Populations: Adults